8月1日开始F签不用洗白可以从中国直飞美国

1. F1和M1豁免禁令

今天(2021年4月26日),美国国务院突然发文宣布对F-1和M-1签证持有者可以直接获得国家利益豁免NIE《National Interest Exceptions for Certain Travelers from China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, Schengen Area, United Kingdom, and Ireland》,全文如下:

On April 26, 2021, the Secretary of State made a national interest determination regarding categories of travelers eligible for exceptions under Presidential Proclamations (PPs) 9984, 9992, and 10143 related to the spread of COVID-19.  As a result of this determination, together with national interest determinations already in place, travelers subject to these proclamations, due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, the Schengen area, the United Kingdom, and Ireland, who are seeking to provide vital support for critical infrastructure; journalists; students and certain academics covered by exchange visitor programs, may now qualify for a National Interest Exception (NIE).  Students and academics subject to these proclamations due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, or South Africa, may qualify for an NIE only if their academic program begins August 1, 2021 or later.  Qualified travelers who are applying for or have valid visas or ESTA authorization may travel to the United States following the procedures below, even as PPs 9984, 9992, and 10143 remain in effect.

Students with valid F-1 and M-1 visas intending to begin or continue an academic program commencing August 1, 2021 or later do not need to contact an embassy or consulate to seek an individual NIE to travel.  They may enter the United States no earlier than 30 days before the start of their academic studies.  Students seeking to apply for new F-1 or M-1 visas should check the status of visa services at the nearest embassy or consulate; those applicants who are found to be otherwise qualified for an F-1 or M-1 visa will automatically be considered for an NIE to travel.

Travelers in categories described above who have a valid visa in the appropriate class or who have a valid ESTA authorization for travel under the Visa Waiver Program and seek to travel for purposes consistent with ESTA authorization, should contact the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate before traveling, if they believe they may qualify for a National Interest Exception.  If a National Interest Exception is approved, they may travel on either a valid visa or ESTA authorization, as appropriate.

The Department of State also continues to grant NIEs for qualified travelers seeking to enter the United States for purposes related to humanitarian travel, public health response, and national security.  These travelers and any others who believe their travel to be in the United States’ national interest should also review the website of the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate for instruction on how to contact them.

我们知道,川普总统从2020年开始,陆续对中国大陆,伊朗,申根26国,英国,爱尔兰和巴西增加了禁令。川普离任前取消了申根26国,英国和爱尔兰的禁令,但是拜登上任伊始就恢复了申根26国,英国和爱尔兰的禁令,同时增加了南非禁令。普通外国人如果过去14天在这些地方,是无法直飞美国的。

2. 豁免解读

从2020年下半年开始,持有F-1和M-1签证的人,可以从申根26国,英国和爱尔兰直飞美国而不需要单独申请NIE。随着美国国务院的进一步解禁,F-1和M-1签证持有人从其他禁令地区(中国大陆,伊朗,巴西和南非)也可以直飞美国了。不过要注意以下两点:

  • Students and academics subject to these proclamations due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, or South Africa, may qualify for an NIE only if their academic program begins August 1, 2021 or later. 如果是新生,那么他们的学习项目必须是2021年8月1日以后开始才能豁免禁令;
  • Students with valid F-1 and M-1 visas intending to begin or continue an academic program commencing August 1, 2021 or later do not need to contact an embassy or consulate to seek an individual NIE to travel. 对于2021年8月1日以后开始或者继续的学习项目,学生不需要向美国驻外使领馆申请个人的NIE豁免。
  • 以上两点其实说的不是特别清楚,这里个人的理解是只要有学生签证,然后2021年8月1日之后开学的,那么2021年8月1日之后肯定可以直飞美国。
  • 至于老生现在能否立刻直飞美国,其实公告没有说清楚,个人倾向认为是不可以需要等到8月1日之后才可以,8月1日前飞美依然需要单独申请NIE或者去新加坡、墨西哥或者柬埔寨等地洗白。
  • 如果手上没有F-1或者M-1签证,要么能刷到现在非常紧俏的签证预约(据说国内已经开放F签预约了),要么还是要去第三国签F-1。
  • 只对F-1和M-1豁免,配偶类型的F-2没有豁免。
  • 目前来看,拜登政府不太可能单独对中国全面解禁(B签等),但是可能随着欧洲疫情的好转,和欧洲一起解禁。

3. 赴美机票

目前中国-美国方向有如下航班:

  • MU587 PVG-JFK 每周一二
  • CZ327 CAN-LAX 每周四六
  • MF829 XMN-LAX 每周三日
  • CA987 PEK-LAX 每周日
  • CA769 SZX-LAX 每周二
  • UA858 PVG-ICN-SFO 每周一四六日
  • DL288 PVG-ICN-SEA 每周四六
  • DL284 PVG-ICN-DTW 每周三日
  • AA128 PVG-ICN-DFW 每周二五 (AA因为绿码原因,经常飞飞停停,强烈不推荐购买)

也可以从香港转机或者从蛇口码头直接去香港机场,疫情下国泰航班少且里程票不好搞:

  • CX844/846 HKG-JFK 每周二四
  • CX880 HKG-LAX 每周一三

其他转机地点也可以考虑:

  • 澳门-台北线:从澳门出发坐BR经台北一票去美国也是不错的选择,需要办理澳门签注,适合里程票;
  • 韩国转机:国内可以多地出发,KE/OZ一票到美国各地,可以尝试里程票;
  • 日本转机:几乎没有办法联程票,需要手动拼票,但是后段可以烧分体验ANA两舱;
  • 加拿大转机:强烈不建议,涉及繁复的加拿大入境禁令和隔离政策,虽然没有明文禁止,但是很可能被拒绝登机;
  • 欧洲转机:有兴趣的可以试试LX OS LH AF SAS KLM等一票转去美东各地,也是烧里程的不错选择,需要注意转机地核酸要求。

免责声明:本文及其中任何文字均仅为一般性的介绍,绝不构成任何法律意见或建议,不得作为法律意见或建议以任何形式被依赖,我们对其不负担任何形式的责任。我们强烈建议您,若有签证问题,请咨询专业的律师或领馆。

Disclaimer: This article and any content herein are general introduction for readers only, and shall not constitute nor be relied on as legal opinion or legal advice in any form. We assume no liability for anything herein. If you need help about visas, please talk to a lawyer or consulate general.

分享至社交网络

若喜欢本文,别忘了给个五星好评哦!

[Total: 15   Average: 4.4/5]
Disclaimer: The responses below are not provided or commissioned by the bank advertiser. Responses have not been reviewed, approved, or otherwise endorsed by the bank advertiser. It is not the bank advertiser's responsibility to ensure all posts and/or questions are answered.